Secretary of Defense
Statement on the Impacts of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action before the Senate Armed Services Committee
Yes, Mr. Chairman, thank you. And with your leave, I think that you preferred, and that’s fine with us, if only I and General Dempsey make opening statements…
Thank you, Ranking Member Reed, thank you all of the Members of the Committee for giving me the opportunity to testify this morning on our defense strategy toward this critical region, in the wake, as Senator Reed noted, of my travels to the region last week, the Chairman’s also, and of course very importantly two weeks after the conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. I am pleased to be joined by my fellow Cabinet members who can talk in detail about that agreement reached in Vienna.
That deal is an important step …one brought about by the leadership of President Obama, the persistent diplomacy of Secretaries Kerry, Moniz and others, crippling sanctions that Secretary Lew led and that Congress helped put in place.
It’s a good deal, because it prevents Iran from getting a nuclear weapon in a comprehensive and verifiable way. Once implemented, it will therefore remove a critical element of risk and uncertainty – one element of risk and uncertainty, but a critical element of risk and uncertainty – from the region. For those reasons, and those my colleagues have provided in testimony before other Congressional committees, I urge you to support it. I also urge you to support the broader elements of the defense strategy in the Middle East I will describe, including and especially by supporting a stable and reformed defense budget to implement it.
The successful negotiation of this deal is one part of our broader foreign and defense policy. As the most influential power in the world, we have responsibilities all over the globe. The Middle East remains important to America’s national interests. And, as a result, the Department of Defense is committed to confronting the region’s two principal security challenges: Iran and ISIL.
The Department’s strategic approach to protecting our interests and confronting those challenges will remain unchanged. We will continue to maintain a strong military posture to deter aggression; to bolster the security of our friends and allies in the region, especially Israel; to ensure freedom of navigation in the Gulf; to check Iran’s malign influence; and to degrade and ultimately defeat ISIL. We're also continuing to advance our military capabilities that provide all options, as the President has directed, should Iran walk away from its commitments under this deal.
Last week, I was in the Middle East, and I had the opportunity to visit with some of our men and women in uniform who are carrying out this strategy. I know how much all of you care for them, and like me, you are proud of their impressive work. And I’ll tell you this morning what I told them: we’re continuing full speed ahead – standing with our friends, standing up to ISIL, and standing against Iran’s malign activity.
On ISIL, as I testified earlier this month, we have the right strategy in place – built on nine, synchronized lines of effort – to achieve ISIL’s lasting defeat. But we continue to strengthen execution. Today, in Iraq and other places, we’re working – with partners on the ground and in a global coalition – to enable capable and motivated ground forces to win back Iraq’s sovereignty and peace on its own territory. I saw several parts of that effort last week and spoke with some of our partners on the ground. We're headed in the right direction in this counter-ISIL effort: we've made some progress; but we need to make more.
On Iran, this new deal – when implemented – will place significant limitations on Iran that will effectively cut off its pathways to the fissile material for a nuclear bomb. But it is also important to note that it places no limitations – let me repeat that, no limitations – on what the Department of Defense can and will do to pursue our defense strategy in the region. It places no limits on our forces, our partnerships and alliances, our intensive and ongoing security cooperation, or on our development and fielding of new military capabilities – capabilities we will continue to advance.
If Iran were to commit aggression, our robust force posture ensures we can rapidly surge an overwhelming array of forces into the region, leveraging our most advanced capabilities, married with sophisticated munitions that put no target out of reach.
Iran and its proxies will still present security challenges. Iran supports the Assad regime in Syria, backs Hizballah in Lebanon – whose fighting positions, by the way, I observed firsthand during a visit to Israel’s northern border last week with the Israeli Defense Minister – and is contributing to disorder in Yemen. And Iran still directs hostility and violence to our closest ally in the region, Israel.
In the face of that malign activity, we will continue to meet our commitments to our friends and allies in the region, especially Israel, and continue to build on and enhance our cooperation in meaningful ways. I made that clear last week in Israel, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and Iraq. I also made clear that we will continue to maintain our robust regional force posture ashore and afloat, which includes tens of thousands of American personnel and our most sophisticated ground, maritime, and air and ballistic missile defense assets.
Our friends understand, despite our differences with some of them about the merits of this deal, that we have an enduring commitment to deterrence and to regional security. I’m proud to say that our defense partnerships in the region have never been stronger. And, as I made clear in Israel and as we agreed at Camp David with our Gulf partners as Senator Reed indicated, we’re committed to making them even stronger and more capable against a range of threats.
The United States will maintain its ironclad commitment to Israel's qualitative military edge or QME. We will keep providing Israel with advanced capabilities – for example, next year, Israel will be our first and only friend in the region flying the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. We continue to work with Israel on ballistic missile defense systems. In fact, three of them: the Iron Dome, David’s Sling, and the Arrow system for missiles of progressively increasing range.
And we are working multilaterally and bilaterally to improve the capability [and] capacity of our Gulf partners also. At the GCC Summit at Camp David hosted by the President in May, and last week with Saudi leaders, I stressed a number of functional areas that will be critical to enabling Gulf countries to play a stronger regional role: including maritime forces, ground forces including especially special operations and counterterrorism forces, air and ballistic missile defense forces, and cyber protection. We also conduct over 50 military exercises a year with our regional partners. And, we've offered sophisticated defense equipment, including the THAAD ballistic missile defense system and long-range precision strike capabilities, to some of our Gulf partners.
In conclusion, this is a good deal because it removes a continued source of threat and uncertainty in a comprehensive and verifiable way by preventing Iran from getting a nuclear weapon. It’s a deal that takes no option away from a future President. This is an important achievement and a deal that deserves your support.
Meanwhile, the United States, the Department of Defense, and the men and women of the finest fighting force the world has ever known, with your support, will continue to be committed to the defense of America’s interests, friends, and allies, to counter ISIL and Iran’s malign influence, and to uphold the President’s commitment that Iran will not obtain a nuclear weapon should it walk away from this deal.